# Research (Unit7)

### Tan Zi Xi

Tan Zi Xi’s work of “An Effort Most Futile”  illustration were created in 2008, and she mixes wry, playful humor with the realities of ocean pollution. What inspired Tan Zi Xi to created this series of illustration is what she first read about the news of the Pacific Garbage Patch in the papers when she was still a student living in London. It is incomprehensible and alarming to learn that our human waste had been carelessly dumped into oceans and was affecting the marine creatures greatly. Tan Zi Xi concerned about the environment and she wanted to find a solution for the environment, but it is not a easy way.

Personally, the series of illustration are very attracted, and they also really remind me about the environment, so they did have a power to influence the viewers.

“An Effort Most Futile, 2008”

It is interesting that see this project continued to develop in different way. In 2015, she got an opportunity to redo this project, and she made the work represent as an installation that can for the viewers to work in. I think this can more easier for people to understand the damage of plastic, and how they would be seen in the sea. I think the process of this project is more difficult than before, but this time the work show better of how unsustainable our culture of convenience is.

"Plastic Ocean, 2016"

Bibliography:

http://oceanic.global/tan-zi-xi/

http://thefloatingmagazine.com/people-tan-zi-xi/

http://www.messymsxi.com/portfolio/an-effort-most-futile/

https://vimeo.com/185041614

### Max Liboiron

Max Liboiron explores the invisible, toxic disaster of plastic pollution in the ocean. Her series “Sea Globes” depicts what the city’s actual oceans would look like, filled with plastic and coal and tiny plastic bottles.

"Sea Globes, 2014"

I think the design is more playful for people to look at and think about what is happening around us. The little details really attract people to look very carefully of the work, which represent what the undersea look like.

For my personally project, her work remind me consider about the details that can attract people, and the 3D way to show the work.

Bibliography:

https://maxliboiron.com/

https://www.azula.com/artists-make-art-from-ocean-trash-2476364103.html

### Dianna Cohen

After I saw the whole article of the interview also the talk on TED, I know more about her work and her ideas. Dianna Cohen being affect by her life a lot, she saw more and more plastic in the sea when she surf, she saw everywhere is plastic packaging in the supermarket, so she work with the plastic to create lots of artwork that remind people of the damaging of plastic.

I think the work of "Bridge, 2002" that finished by plastic bag showing the idea of how plastic bags close to our life, and this is interesting that using different kind of plastic bags to work with. For my personally project also want to add some elements of different kind of plastic bag in my research too.

"Bridge, 2002"

Bibliograph:

http://www.diannacohen.com/_portfolio/gallery.html

### Alvaro Soler Arpa

Soler Arpa’s fictional creatures are composed of assorted animal bones, wire and the byproducts of our runaway consumer culture, namely plastic waste. His "contemporary dinosaurs" draw a strong parallel to fossil fuels, the common denominator between plastic pollution and climate change.

"Vida Toxica, 2016", Alvaro Soler Arpa

"Vida Toxica, 2016", Alvaro Soler Arpa (Detail)

His work represent the rubbish inside of the animals' body very well, to let people consider if the rubbish are not dispose correctly what will happen. The idea of rubbish in animal's body also what I what to show in my work so far, so his work inspire me different way to demonstrate the idea too.

### Plastic, A Toxic Love Story (Library Research)

Plastic, A Toxic Love Story

The book talk a lot about the plastic, and the solution for not waste the plastic and what had happened before, such as the 'Bag panic'. The book also remind me of the PVC material, so I am thinking about is this material can be useful for this project. The book also talk about lots of product use plastic as a bag, as a container, so I also did the research for some packaging design, and the product with the plastic packaging.

The sentences (below) that I found in the book are really useful to make me think of the relationship between the damage of the plastic and its function for our products.

"But the feeling within the plastics industry was 'this is the future-plastic is going to dominate the landscape.'"

"Plastic products to hold used plastic bags. "

"The plastic bag is a problem product."

### Cycle and Recycle (Library Research)

The images in the book make me think about different spaces to put the plastic what shapes that will have, and different ways of storing them what they will be look like. I think these elements are what I can consider for my project.

### Primary Research (Science Museum)

In the science museum there are some work that are about plastic objects, and I found a big scale material work that have special texture, and it is kind of look like the pollution in the sea. The work is made by different materials, and in the material wall I see a lot of different materials that I haven't see before.

I also found a presentation area for bacteria, which inspire me a different container that can represent my work, and pollution will cause the bacteria. I think use the container of showing bacteria to represent the work can be interesting

### Kirsty Whitlock

Kirsty Whitlock is a textile artist, and most of her work are standing out the concept, technique, process and material, also they are innovative and experimental. She uses recycled and reclaimed materials as a response to the throwaway culture of consumerism.

This textile piece recycled the plastic bag and played with stitching also newspaper, which gives me some ideas of using the plastic bag in supermarket to experiment and develop the ideas, because lots of products in the supermarket are made by plastic. I think this can made the ideas of the work clearer for the viewers.

Bibliography:

https://www.textileartist.org/embroidery-transforms-kirsty-whitlock

### Save The Ocean

This image do not have a lot of introduce when I find it, and it is an A2 illustration that called Save The Ocean. The work is a lot of colours going on, but the viewers will not feel mess, and it is work very well in detail. The way of showing idea is interesting, and I think it can stand out the pollution in the sea that give animals.

Save The Ocean, A2 Illustration

Save The Ocean, A2 Illustration (Detail)

Bibliography:
https://mellon.be/save-the-ocean

### Tony Cragg

The plastic objects which make up 'New Stones, Newton's Tones' were collected by Tony Cragg in a few hours in May 1978 in the area where the artist lives in Wuppertal, Germany. He laid out the objects on the floor, and divided them by colours, dark red, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, dark blue. From a distance it seems to shimmer and dematerialise like a rainbow. Their very choice, transferred and arranged for a gallery context, does more perhaps than show that discarded objects have beauty, but rather suggests that industry's production of endless copies is not unlike nature's manner of reproduction.

Bibliography:

http://www.artscouncilcollection.org.uk/artwork/new-stones-newtons-tones

### Primary Research

I went to the Billingsgate market for doing the research of fish and other undersea animal. I took some photography of them to record the outlooking of them, different characteristics.

### Linocut Boy

This work of linocut is about a big scale of whale, so I was being reminded of creating some work that outside the sketchbook size. Because I am going to print the work of fish, the printing work let me see how to play with the positive and negative to create a such environment under the sea. I think the visual impact bring the feeling of undersea world.

Whale Linocut

### Louise Bourgeois

She explored a variety of themes over the course of her long career including domesticity and the family, sexuality and the body, as well as death and the subconscious. Although Bourgeois exhibited with the Abstract Expressionists and her work has much in common with Surrealism and Feminist art.

I like her concepts about her work, her ideas of one of her work, which is about the ‘Maman’, the sexuality, the story about her childhood can inspire people think deeply about the society, and also the love from mother. Her work have a lot of experiments about the medias.

Because this work 'Seven In Bed' is a soft sculpture, which give me a idea to develop my visual image to a soft sculpture. I think this can be very interesting way to express my idea.

Seven In Bed

Louise Bourgeois has said and shown that her sculpture is her body. Seven in a bed  is a late piece of her manic joy - sweet, erotic, and funny. It borrows from and transforms the vocabularies of modern art. It is feminine and masculine, terrified and bold, soft and hard. It speaks in the language of space and form, and plays with both recognition and strangeness. Seven in a bed  has many meanings, and was meant to evoke the hidden feelings that lurk within every human.

### Plastic bag hanging on the wall

Plastic bag hanging on the wall, use the hanging way to represent the images clearer, and more intuitive.



### Natsuko Hattori

Fabric is her medium of choice because people everywhere can relate more easily to this material, which conveys warmth, natural softness and the intimate human touch. The act of wrapping is central to my sculptures.

Her sculptures are created from balls that are individually wrapped with fabric and bounded together to make up an entire whole. Because some of her work are in the big scale, they are very attractive also full of influence from the work themselves.

Each ball represents the inner state of mankind. The gesture of wrapping each round ball, is an act of transformation that converts pain, sadness and despair into positive energy, such as love or a prayer for comfort.

She hopes her work conveys a sense of happiness and celebrates the human spirit. The way she used the soft sculpture to demonstrate the ideas and spirit is what I want to represent in my work. I think the scale and the colour of her work really work a lot to show what she want to let the viewers know.

### Museum of Contemporary Rubbish

"Waste is one of the most pressing issues today. Particularly plastic waste poses many threats to our environment. Currently, only 12% of waste is recycled and plastic products are still consumed excessively.

This website shows different kind of rubbish in different angles, and what interested me are how the rubbish being photography and represent in the website, also except the plastic bag, what other waste can damage to our world.

Bibliography:

http://museumofcontemporaryrubbish.blogspot.com

### Raymond Pettibon

Raymond Pettibon's eclectic inspiration ranges from surfing to 19th century literature. His early work in the punk rock scene secured him a cult following. Plastic Pollution Coalition is a global alliance of individuals, organizations and businesses working together to stop plastic pollution and its toxic impacts on humans, animals and the environment. With its work, Plastic Pollution seeks to put plastic pollution at the forefront of global social, environmental and political discourse.

"Plastic Pollution Coalition, 2010 "

This print making work was print from original painting, he worked with text and images. His past work that are about the sea represent some details by brushstrokes. Most of them are finished by ink, acrylics or print. What I consider about from his work is different way for me to demonstrate the sea, water, also that can combine with the pollution.

Untitled

Bibliography:

https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ocean-pollution-inspires-good-111433509.html

http://www.lahardware.com/welcome/artdetails/997

### Why we need an international agreement on marine plastic pollution?

Plastic pollution is strewn across beaches and in oceans, bays, and estuaries. Tiny particles of plastic debris (often called microplastics) are so pervasive in aquatic ecosystems that we find them in seafood and table salt. Marine organisms ingest or are entangled by plastic, sometimes with fatal consequences. Research suggests plastic pollution may impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, food security, and human health. In short, plastic pollution is a global threat.

Plastic pollution has received little attention in terms of international agreements—a notable contrast to carbon emissions and other global pollutants, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). There are many regional, national, and international strategies aimed at preventing and mitigating plastic pollution, but none has a level of commitment that scales with the global magnitude and accelerating growth of the problem. Local policies and actions (e.g., bans on microbeads and single-use plastic bags) are spreading across the globe, but there is only a handful of international documents focused on plastic pollution, including MARPOL, the Honolulu Strategy, and the United Nations Environmental Program’s (UNEP) new Clean Seas campaign. Although these international strategies acknowledge global contamination, they contain no binding commitment that meets the challenge.

The article talk lots about how the plastic influent our life, how important it is to control it shift to a sustainable plastics economy. Different solutions that being use in different countries cross-border.

Bibliography:

http://www.pnas.org/content/114/38/9994

### Primary Research of RA Summer Exhibition

When I visited the RA Summer Exhibition before, I recorded some interesting work by photography, and I selected some that relate to my project. I found one of the work is about the warp bottles that made by glass in different shapes. This inspired me to think about different materials to represent some objects that made by other materials. Besides, is the container will have space to put something when its shape have limitation.

The other interesting container I saw are the glass bottle with undersea inside, which remind me Max Liboiron's work "Sea Globes". I think the idea of container maybe can be developed in my project. For example, the container of the animal's body, the container of plastic bag, or glass bottle.

One of the installation that made by plastic bottles with cement made me think about the plastic in our environment. The warp shape's will be one of the elements in my project, this also when we recycle some plastic we would make they become smaller. The plastic also always be out of shape like the details painting's image below.

### Plastic in packaging (Library Research)

Plastic in packaging

I found in the book talk about that in recent years a most attractive new methods of packaging to be introduced is using the open-net bags. The type of package is particularly suitable for irregular shapes like those encountered with fruit and vegetables. So I also did the primary research of this kind of bag.

In the book I found the illustration of the plastic packaging are very attractived, and they are in a style that return to the ancients. They are good references for me to consider the illustration of the plastic packaging.

### Primary Research (Print Project Space)

In the "Print Project Space", I found a work that have a special perspective, and I think use this way can stand out the objects in the front of middle. In the gallery there is not annotation for the work, but this work is very colourful, and the artist uses a printing methods to print the brushstrokes which very attracted to let the viewers see the details.

### Primary Research

In the street, there is a lot of big plastic bag that gather together, and they have different colours, different shapes. I thought about the package way, and the function of the plastic bag as a container. Besides, different colours that need to put different kind of rubbish.

### Plastic Bags Kill

These a series of designs are very popular advertisement which was produced/made by Global Action in the Interest of Animals. GAIA for short. They’re advocating this message which is: Plastic Bags Kill. The ad is so effective, because of the clear concept. As you can see in the picture, those are animals printed on the plastic bag and when you grab the plastic bag’s handle, it would look as if you’re strangling the animal. So what’s the message behind this? It’s very simple yet informative. It’s a fact that there had been a gradual increase with the usage of plastic bags and what this advocacy advertisement is trying to say is that we should stop using it because it kills. It kills animals

Plastic Bags Kill; Global Action in the Interest of Animals(GAIA)

Bibliography:

### Find the fish (Chilli-Design)

These images are designed by the Chilli Design, and the work of Find the fish mix the plastic bottles with fish. I think this way to show the idea is very clear, the viewers can know immediately the undersea animals are leaving around lots of plastic pollution that we are producing. This is a serious problem, but the typography bring a feeling of relaxing, make people play with the game that image give, and they will find out the issue by themselves. There is no introduce of the work when I find it, and I like the style of illustration, the line drawing kind of like sketching, but the colours make the work become better.

This image showing the idea of plastic pollution is devouring undersea animals' world, the image looks like a interesting story, and I think this way can easier for people to understand, also attract their attention.

### David Batchelor

David Batchelor’s work is concerned above all things with colour, a sheer delight in the myriad brilliant hues of the urban environment and underlined by a critical concern with how we see and respond to colour in this advanced technological age. The work is made by fluorescent plastic objects, and I think the work recycle the plastic to reuse them, to make them have a function again.

### Primary Research (Dulwich Picture Gallery)

Edward Bawden

Edward Bawden was an English painter, illustrator and graphic artist, known for his prints, book covers, posters, and garden metalwork furniture. When I saw his work in Dulwich Picture Gallery, I think his work are simple but in details, and they are consisting of few part of colour lumps. So I was being inspired to consider to just use few simple colour lumps to print when I use the screen print or lino print.

### Sonia Alins

Sonia Alins is an illustrator and artist focused on the creation of pieces of art (often three-dimensional) with a poetic narrative of a surreal nature with which she addresses her feelings, desires, dreams and nightmares. I find out Sonia explores the expressiveness of elements such as transparency and blur in her work , which I think the elements can be considered in my work. Because the pollution in the sea make the ocean being very dirty, the things under can't be seen clearer. I was being inspired what the work can be look like if they are covering tracing paper, is that can create a scene of pollution in the sea. Also lots of her three-dimensional work create two layers make the feeling of things under sea and on the sea based of creating the transparency and blur elements.

### Newport Street Gallery

Situated part way between abstraction and representation, Helen Beard figures are reduced to concisely defined fields of vibrant colour, on which a myriad of varied brush marks remain visible. The work all share an interest in exploring the possibilities of colour, and they are all very attractive.

I think if I use the press machine to print, I can think about how the brushstrokes and colour impact the work, how can consider add these elements better when I am printing.

### Mentalgassi

Mentalgassi’s artistic proposals are 100% urban, and through different techniques they interact with the street objects to create forms and shapes that make a passerby smile. They combine photography, image manipulation, sculpturing and street art.

Mentalgassi used his work to create a connection between the public and them. I thought this series of work based on some objects to represent the images on the object and create into different shapes, which is very interesting to make the images become exaggerated. So I think my work kind of like Mentalgassi's work, because I want to use my objects' work to make them have connection with the viewers.

Mentalgassi Buoy Heads at Belfast Photo Festival 2015