Research File

Francesca Woodman

Lots of Francesca Woodman’s photographs are monochrome, and most of them are about herself or female models.


On Being an Angel, Foam, Amsterdam

I selected the photo, which has a mirror to show the character’s face, and I also used mirror to shot the ‘Prop’ photograph in black and white, but comparing with this image, my work is too much in the photographs, and it did not work very well, so it is not successful as I though before.

However, in Francesca Woodman’s photograph the character is very attract, and I think the framing of this photo works very well, so the viewers can being attract by the woman immediately. Also the lighting of this photograph   make a contract with the corner and people. The blurry of the female give a atmosphere to this photo.


Supermarket Sarah

Sarah Says, “I love the idea of clothes having a story and breathing new life into old clothes and I wanted to communicate this. Swathes of painted canvas drape down from the three walls behind the window to create a sculptural backdrop of peachy pink, pastel yellow and minty green while colour matching clothes are suspended from the ceiling. A suspended chair and other props make up the backdrop to create a feeling of the clothes having a life of their own and flying in the air. The feeling is of the excitement of Spring/Summer on its way”.

Supermarket Sarah is about Sarah, who is a stylist created a fun way for people shopping online. She created a wall that have some items that can be click to buy, and this attract lots of people. I think this way to sale the clothes is very interesting, this combine the fashion passion and interiors together. 


This piece of work is very colourful, which is like the pop art that related to my 'Celebrating Archway' project. I think Sarah represent the items very well online in this way, because the colours are very attractive, and it is a new interesting way to attract people to click them. 



Gustav Metzger

Liquid Crystal Environment

 (1965, remade 2005)

Gustav Metzger was an artist but he also was a political activist. I think it is very interesting that he developed the concept of auto-destructive art. I found out that lots of his work are about the destruction and this was because of his experience in  twentieth century society's destructive capabilities.

I selected the most famous work in his life, which is 'Liquid Crystal Environment (1965)'. I was attracted by the visual impact of this work, and I think the mixed medias are very interesting, because he combined something very different things together. 'Liquid Crystal Environment' consists of five projectors, each with a single slide containing liquid crystals. The projectors are equipped with rotating polarising filters and a cooling and heating system that cause the liquid crystal to liquefy or freeze, creating psychedelic effects of shifting colour and form. 

As far as I am concerned, this work has a good visual impact by the images, and they work well with the light. When the work established in the gallery, the viewers can join in together because of the light can create the people's shadow. The crystal create the images are kind of like the exploration. The change of the colours and the sound in that space work well together. So I also have a inspiration of create a work that combine with sound and images, but it is also a big challenge for me. 




David Shrigley

Most of David Shrigley’s work are a typical of Shrigley's sly, subversive, humorous art in how it brings a modern art cliche crashing down to Earth. David Shrigley is best known for his distinctive drawing style and works that make satirical comments on everyday situations and human interactions. His quick-witted drawings and hand-rendered texts are typically deadpan in their humorous and reveal chance mutterings like snippets of over-heard conversations. Reoccurring themes and thoughts pervade his story telling capturing child-like views of the world, the perspective of aliens and monsters or the compulsive habits of an eavesdropper shouting out loud. While drawing is at the centre of his practice, the artist also works across an extensive range of media including sculpture, large-scale installation, animation, painting, photography and music.

With the Brexit vote in July, ongoing war and immigration crises, the world economy bumping along and politicians failing to inspire trust or confidence, it’s down to artists to cheer us up and who better than David Shrigley whose ten-metre high bronze thumbs-up sculpture “Really Good” will appear on the Fourth Plinth in Trafalgar Square in September.

Thumb-up is, of course, a popular sign that something is “ok”: “As an artist you have to feel your art makes the world a better place and you have to believe that quite sincerely, otherwise why would you make it?” (David Shrigley)

‘This is good’ has a political meaning behind it, and i like he used the arts to express the ironically meaning behind the artwork. After research about his information, i found that most of his work used the pen to draw the simple sketches, and have some sentences beside it, and the sentences and sketches both have the humorous or ironically meanings. In this recently two years, most of his work become colourful, and i really keen on the his work in 2016, the form of the paintings are very simple, but he know how to used some particular ways to attract people’s attention. For instance, the blue painting has a word in the visual centre. I like the colour tone in his 2016’s work, they are really fitting together, the red word in the pink and blue image can really be the centre of the painting.


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shrig-2545-untitled-e1485863195811-640x891.jpg    shrig-2559-untitled-e1485863295906-640x889.jpg     shrig-2552-untitled-e1485863237252-640x889.jpg (drawing2016)

Primary Research of visiting exhibition

In this week I went to two exhibitions to get more inspiration and broaden my horizon. First, I went to the Royal Academic to see the summer exhibition, and the second one is 'ALL TOO HUMAN' in Tate Britian.

In RA, I saw a work that about layering, and it is finished by wood. The most interesting thing is when the viewers see the work in different angles will see different consequences. The work also very colourful, so I think the colour and the layering are the elements to attract the viewers to observe the work, and let people find out more possibilities. 

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In Tate Britain, the 'All TOO HUMAN' most of work are about the people and people in landscape. The exhibition is consisted of different artist work, and I saw the jenny saville's portrait. The portrait that I saw in gallery is so amazing because of the skills and scale, the feeling is very different than I saw the picture online. I learnt more about the mixed medias and skills in this exhibition. For example, how to make a better texture on wood or board, what brushstrokes can make what effect.  How to represent the human's body in a better way, when the work is very details or abstract what effect they will have. I think what I learnt from the exhibition can be used in the future work later.  

I also looked other work in Tate Britain, one of the areas is about the 'CAMDEN POSTER WORKSHOP, 1968-1971'. 

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When I looked at the poster at that time, I found that most of them are combining the image with lot of text, because posters were a key method of communicating the protest of 1968. Some of them also made the images and typography all in same colour, but also have a strong visual impact. I think it is because the layout also the design too. 

Saul Steinberg

Saul Steinberg famed worldwide for giving graphic definition to the postwar age. He worked in lots of different styles, materials, also techniques. For example,  drawings, paintings, prints, collages, and sculptures. In subject matter and styles, he made no distinction between high and low art, which he freely conflated in an oeuvre that is stylistically diverse yet consistent in depth and visual imagination.


(Girl in Bathtub, 1949)

I think his work are simple and witty, I like the way he combines the designs into the environment, and give the viewers more feeling of his designs. This inspired me think more about putting the illustration in with the real environment not just photoshop, combine with the real objects. 


Michelangelo Pistoletto

Michelangelo Pistoletto is an Italian painter, action and object artist, and art theorist. I like the way that Michelangelo Pistoletto express the art, and he uses the art to express the social reality, and also the way that he used the mirror to see the opposite of the social reality. He let the audiences take apart with him in the artwork.


I am quite keen on the 'Venus of the Rags, 1967, 1974', it is very interesting, I like the mixed medias to do the work. The Venus seems like thinking about something, and the clothes put together like a small mountain. The inherent tension that exists between the two strikingly different objects leads the viewers to contemplate a myriad of contradictions raised by the work such as classical versus contemporary, use of monochrome versus color, hard and soft, precious and common, highbrow and the everyday. As part of its efforts to better connect art and life, the Arte Povera movement attempted to critique established cultural institutions and undermine the prevailing commercialization of art by putting into the foreground unusual combinations of materials for making artwork.


 'Venus of the Rags, 1967, 1974'

Paddington Bear

Paddington Bear is a fictional character in children literature, written by Michael Bond and illustrated by Peggy Fortnum. The friendly bear from Peru—with his old hat, battered suitcase (complete with a secret compartment, enabling it to hold more items than it would appear to), duffle coat and love of marmalade--has become a classic character from English children's literature.


Estelle Hanania

The work are about the hybrid beings that come out of hiding once a year, scare people away, and haunt the minds of famers, children and photographers like me. People in the image parade from one farm to another in costumes and masks. They wander around natural and urban landscapes. Estelle Hanania always spend a day or two for tempting to stage the shooting to get as many  “exploitable” images as possible, and she said: “The mystery emanating from these festivals must be respected. Moreover, we all have our own search engines, right? I lead precisely targeted, non-exhaustive researches. My purpose is not to lead a  “European tour” of winter traditions nor to keep a calendar of these feasts.”


Parking Lot Hydra 2009 (personal)

She has her own interested, which is about the brutality of the costumes directly connected to nature. Either because they mimic it or because they melt into it, or transform it while embellishing it or making it monstrous.

The costumes are very interesting in that kind of shape, the materials also bring a falling feeling make the character become more interesting, and make a sense of mysterious. I think different color of the character also have different characteristics and meanings. The costumes are very heavy that normally only man can wear walk for a long time. 

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Zodiac (editorial), 2105

For the project of 'Co-Create', we developed the idea to make the costume design of the paddington's head with the clothes that combine with the England and Chinese's culture. So the artist's work give me the idea to develop this project too. 


Lisk Feng (Pucha Kucha)

Lisk Feng is an award-winning illustrator who is initially from China, and now a New York-based freelance illustrator. Her illustrations received some awards and recognitions, and she also published several children's books. 

Her work is very colourful, whimsical, loose and playful, and they can attract the viewers' attention immediately. She is good at transferring the boring articles into a interesting image, and it is easier for the viewers to understand. Her work is becoming more conceptual, and experimental approach. Her work has the detailed scenes and rich hues surrounding her often featureless characters. These swathes of colour combine with fine line work transport us happily to far away places.



Amy Winehouse Newspaper Dress

The singer Amy Winehouse wears a dress that made by newspaper, and I think it is very nice of the shape on the dress. Personally, the article on the dress can be connected to the singer, about her story or her songs. 

Of the 'Co-Create' project, the final outcome also affect by Amy Winehouse newspaper dress, but in our pairs, we added the story elements into the design too.

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Marcel Dzama

Lots of Marcel Dzama's work are finished by ink and watercolour, and he is good at them, so he used the mixed medias create lots of attract work. He can used lots of different kind of medias to create a attract work. For example, the image that showed below: 'Who am I now, 2017' is finished by edition copenhagen.


This artwork is very interesting of different kind of faces, and the repeated face remind of created my own character that consisted of the price labels. so I will put the character in the side of the poster, and there will be different number of price on the label that come out from their body. I think this can make the character become more interesting and also the idea is very close to the site that I was being given. This idea of the character that consisted of the price label also being inspired by Marcel Dzama's 'Farewell loved ones, 2017'.


Because there are many children that come from the cloud. Besides, the framing of this artwork also inspired me in the below part of the poster will have many different kind of goods that being draw together. 

I think Marcel Dzama's work are very attractive, though he did not used lots of different colours, and he made his work in details. Personally, there are some contrastive images in each of piece. For example, the gun with the angle in 'Farewell loved ones, 2017' are completed opposite things. In 'Who am I now, 2017', there are lots of different kind of emotions show on the different faces. I think the style of his stage design's work also have some affect to his this work, like the mask with the people, also the similar colour tone. 


Morag Myerscough

Morag Myerscough's typography designs are very attractive, because of the colours also the 3D formal. Also the typography are work very well to put in different environment, which also combine with some organic images. The direction of the typography also is one of the elements that influent the visual impact. As far as I am concerned, it is interesting that see how the different elements effect the work. This kind of typography designs inspired me to use in my 'Celebrating Archway' project, because it is very pop art and colourful that related to the research that I did in Poundworld. So I created the similar style typography style in my design, and I think it works well, make my work more interesting also attractive. When I compare my work with Morag Myerscough's typography, I find out the colour of my typography is not bright enough. 


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Kumi Yamashita

In Kumi Yamashita’s work, I find it fascinating that an infinite variety of shapes can come from a single element. As far as I am concerned, Kumi Yamashita gives her artwork a sense of energy and emotion, she used the mixed medias to create a lot of interesting work, her work are very creative, and she is very good at playing the light and shadow. From different angles to look at her work, the viewers can discovery different results. I feel her work can really express some emotions. For example, the ‘Fragments’ used different colours paper, and then create different outline of people’s face can represent the characteristics of the people, and can make the viewer imagine what his or her career, what is he or she look like.


When I went to metal workshop, I was inspired by her work to create a work that play with light and shadow. That is why I do the design that combine with the light, and it comes well with the typography. But her work are more interesting to use something to create a different thing of shadow.



Tomoko Takahashi

Most of Takahashi's artwork are installation art, and they often made of rubbish. She created different artwork by using ordinary objects, made the objects more meaningful. Takahashi takes the entire expanse of a space into account while activating certain areas of her mammoth, three-dimensional collages through use of light, color, movement, and sound. My final outcome of the 'Drawing'  project bring the materials that I used in processes into final, which is like Tomoko Takahashi's work. Because I took every part of the work to represent, and her work make the rubbish take part in art installation. 


(Installation view at Hammer Museum, Los Angeles)

Tomoko Takahashi's installations have more in common with stage sets than they do with disaster zones. When the viewers look at her work may feel they are very mess and in pressure, but after a while, the viewers can find out that the objects both have connection with each other, and their positions are being considered. Takahashi’s put the 'rubbish' objects in a new environment that being created, and make them become more powerful also productive force of creative transformation.  


Sol Lewitt

Sol LeWitt was an American artist linked to various movements, including Conceptual art and Minimalism. His work most are about 'structure', and he work on 2D, 3d also wall. 'Wall Drawing' contains “all combinations of two lines crossing, placed at random, using arcs from corners and sides, straight, not straight and broken lines” resulting in 150 unique pairings that unfold on the gallery walls. I think the process of creating this colourful work is very interesting, because it was my first time to find out how to create this kind of work. 

The colours and the fluency lines let me think about the exercise that I did for the 'Drawing' project, I used the style of the fluency lines to draw the figures. So I combined the colours like the 'Wall Drawing' and the lines in my final. But this work let me know more about the how to create this kind of wall drawing, and the process of using brown paper tape inspire me to use in the final work, and take it down to see the effect. 


(Wall Drawing, 2004)


Gosia Wlodarczak

Before Gosia Wlodarczak going to university she had the notion she would love to be a painter. She quickly discovered though that painting, being very tactile and often delayed, was not her medium. She was interested in speaking through the mediums, and for her drawing is like writing. What influent her life was  during her second year of study when she fell ill and, after life-saving surgery, spent two weeks in hospital. She read the entire seven volumes of Marcel Proust’s novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time). Since then, what is a full concentration on her existence, the realisation of being alive perceived through awareness of what is happening now, has been the focus of her work.

The consistent lines are about what is happening around her life, and that is her focus. I am interested in she used the consistent lines to draw a big wall, and for me it is very difficulty, especially she drew about things around her. I am wondering what happen if I used the consistent line to draw the final of the 'Drawing' project, but I think the organic lines may more suit of the work.




Robert Alley

R.W. Alley has been illustrating the Paddington books since the 1990s. His artwork now appears on the full range of picture books. He is best known for his full colour work, and he always used pen and ink to finish the line drawing. 

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I think his work are very attractive, because he knows how to represent the character's facial expression, and the colours are very clean though he used the ink. Because what I need to produce for the 'Co-Create' project's final is monochrome, I look of the illustration that Robert Alley painted in black and white.

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Personally, the way of he standing out the work in monochrome is using the strong shadow, also the line drawing. So I can use these methods to use in my work too.


Thomas Moore

This artwork was created based on William Hogarth’s 1751 Gin Lane, but Thomas Moore’s idea about this work is how obesity and mental health issues are today’s big health threats. This work depicts a society preoccupied by junk food rather than gin, and it is clear that in the drawing, the characters are almost have a  fat body, because it is influenced by the junk food nowadays. On the stairs, also has a mother, who is feeding her kid junk food, and this represent the diseases and malnutrition is a serious problem.

The artist shows his work as monochrome, though it is simple black and white, it also demonstrate the public’s health problems in a humorous way. Because his good drawing skills, it is very clear that viewers both can know what is he trying to express. All the characters both have their own special emotions, and their face can really attract people’s attention immediately. He is very creative, the lines of the work are very relaxed, but they also strict. Besides, the composition of the work are very interesting, we can discovery there is a big mouth inside of the building, and the mouth is eating a big hamburger, the details are very clear, and narrative of the work is very strong. The gin consumption and malnutrition replaced by obesity and payday loans.

As far as I am concerned, this work make me think about how to combine the concept and the work better, and also good drawing skills are very useful when you want to demonstrate the work better. In addition, the work let people think more about how junk food and payday loans affect our life. Besides, he played with the shadow also the lines drawing let me know about how to use that in my 'Co-Create' project. How to demonstrate the monochrome illustration in a better way.


GIN LANE 2016 (2016), Thomas Moore

Jules de Balincourt (Pecha Kucha)

In a stylistic amalgam of Pop and folk, abstract and figurative, Jules de Balincourt mixes traditional oil paint with tape, spray paint, stencils, and other materials. Offering social critique, de Balincourt's paintings evoke an unsettling ambiguity, whether in their scenes of anonymous figures in post-apocalyptic landscapes or in their wild mix of flat, colourful abstraction.  His work were inspired by lived experiences, cultural and social phenomena.

Personally,  Jules de Balincourt’s work are really attractive, because of the colourful painting style. His work are very organic, I think the shape of objects and people in his are easily to be recongised. The colour that he used are very bright, but he doesn’t make the paintings look very mass, and the media of oil makes the paintings look very smooth also have strong visual impact. 

His work of the style and colours really influence me a lot. I work a lot of the colourful and abstract illustration to attract the viewer's attention, and I also find out how I can work better in a abstract style, also the visual impact of his work not only the colours, but also composition too.

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Zhiwen Tang

The object that I got in museum in a series of drawing called 'Chinese Dream', which is drew by Zhiwen Tang. He created a graphic novel based on the experiences of his father. Having contributed to the construction industry for more than 40 years, Zhiwen’s father witnessed China’s transition from the post-Maoist era to “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”. Telling the story of his father whilst examining China’s urbanization process and its impact on individual memory, the graphic novel follows two main themes, the memory of his father’s work experience and the change of national policy slogans in China’s urbanization process.

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(Chinese Dream, 2016)

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The drawing are drew by pencil in details, and the work look very reality. It is interesting that the author drew his real life in his graphic novel. I think the story may be very hard to understand just say by word, but when it being drew done very details, it is very easy for people to understand what happen at taht time, and what was going on in that periods.